*                                                                         *
*                                                                         *
*      Published by the Working Group for the History of Astronomy        *
*                  in the Astronomische Gesellschaft                      *
*                                                                         *
*                       Number 14, June 11, 1996                          *
*                                                                         *
*                           A translation of                              *
*                                                                         *
*                        Nr. 14,  1. April 1996                           *
*                                                                         *
*          Edited by: Dr. Wolfgang R. Dick <>          *
*                                                                         *
*      Translated by: Mr. Donald Bellunduno <76450.1741@CompuServe.COM>   *
*                                                                         *


1. David Fideler: Conference Announcement: "The World Soul and the Soul of
   the World: Philosophy, Cosmos, and Culture"

2. Exhibitions and museums

3. Conferences 1996/97

4. New books

6. Addendum by the translator: Space Calendar

Expressions of thanks


Item 1                                           ENHA No. 14, June 11, 1996

Conference Announcement:

"The World Soul and the Soul of the World: Philosophy, Cosmos, and Culture"

By David Fideler, Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA

The ALEXANDRIA journal is organizing a session on "The World Soul and the
Soul of the World" for the 15th Annual Conference on Global and
Multicultural Dimensions of Ancient and Medieval Philosophy and Social
Thought which will be held October 25-27, 1996 at the State University of
New York, Binghamton. All conference sessions are open to the public free
of charge. The conference embodies a multicultural approach and covers
Indigenous, Jewish, Africana, Greek, Christian, Islamic, and East Asian

We are especially interested in receiving papers that address in some way
the relationships between philosophy, cosmos, and culture. Papers can
address historical topics or contemporary issues in philosophy, ethics,
ecology, cosmology, or the social sciences.

Papers do not have to address the topic of the World Soul per se, but they
must deal with the theme of "philosophy and the world" ("world" can also
mean "society") or "philosophy and the cosmos." "Philosophy" can be broadly

Individuals interested in presenting papers should contact us with
proposals by May 1, 1996. Proposals should include a title, one page
abstract, your name, address, and academic affiliation.


David Fideler, Editor
PO Box 6114
Grand Rapids, Michigan 49516

Phone/Fax: (616) 456-5740

Item 2                                           ENHA No. 14, June 11, 1996

Exhibitions and museums

The Mathematisch-Physikalischer Salon (Mathematical and Physical Salon) in
Dresden (in the Zwinger Palace) will have on display from the 31st of
January to the 29th of September 1996 a special exhibition celebrating the
Saxon astronomer, geodesist and cartographer, Wilhelm Gotthelf Lohrmann
Opening hours: 9.30 am - 5.00 pm, closed on Thursdays.

The exhibition "Peter Apian - Astronomy, Cosmography und Mathematics at the
Beginning of the Modern Age" (see ENHA 8 and ENHA 11), which was shown in
Ingolstadt in 1995, will be on display from the 23rd of February until the
28th of July 1996 at Castle Mildenstein in Leisnig (Saxony, Germany,
between Leipzig and Dresden on highway A 14). Peter Apian was born 500
years ago in Leisnig. In 1996 the Castle Leisnig celebrates its 950th
During the exhibition a catalog is available (see ENHA 12, section "New
Opening hours: Daily, except Mondays 9am to 5pm.
Information: Staatlicher Schlossbetrieb Burg Mildenstein, Burglehn 6,
D-04703 Leisnig, Germany, Tel. (034321) 12652, Fax (034321) 51537

The exhibition in Potsdam "From the Great Refractor to the Einstein Tower"
(see ENHA 8) is still open to the public.

The Forschungs- und Landesbibliothek Gotha (Research and State Library in
Gotha), founded in 1647 as a ducal library, holds also historical
collections of astronomical literature and archival documents on the
history of astronomy, as well as historical terrestrial and celestial
globes. The globes can be seen during the tours through the library in the
Castle Friedenstein. Tours are available from Monday through Friday at
2:30pm, as well as by arrangement.
Opening hours of the library:  Monday 1pm-5pm, Tuesday-Thursday 9am-5pm,
Friday 10am-7pm.
Address: Forschungs- und Landesbibliothek Gotha, Postfach 30, D-99851
Gotha, Germany, Tel.: (03621) 3080-0, Fax: (03621) 3080-38
Literature: Horn, Werner: Die alten Globen der Forschungsbibliothek und 
des Schlossmuseums Gotha. Gotha, 1976. 103 pp., illus., DM 12.00.
(= Veroeffentlichungen der Forschungsbibliothek Gotha, H. 17) [Deliverable]

The Museum fuer Regionalgeschichte und Volkskunde (Museum for Regional
History and Ethnic Studies) in the Castle Friedenstein in Gotha has also on
display: "Imago mundi - Picture of the World: Developmental lines of
cartography with regards to impulses from Gotha." This part of the museum
includes various astronomical and astronomy related geodetic exhibits,
among them a portrait (painting) of P.A.Hansen, an original watercolor of
the Seeberg Observatory, a refractor by Johann Friedrich Schroeder (Gotha),
a Gregory reflector dating back to the beginning of the 19th century (from
the Seeberg Observatory), Arabic and Turkish mathematical and astronomical
instruments, a precision pendulum clock from Mudge & Dutton (London ca.
1785) which was used astronomically. Also on display are various surveying
instruments (levelling instrument, alidade, planimeter etc.) as well as
terrestrial globes.
Opening hours: Daily 9am-5pm
Address: Gothaer Kultur- und Fremdenverkehrsbetrieb, Museum fuer
Regionalgeschichte und Volkskunde mit Kartographischem Museum, Schloss
Friedenstein / Westturm, D-99867 Gotha, Germany, Tel. (03621) 54016

The public observatory "Manfred von Ardenne" in Seebad Heringsdorf (at the
Isle of Usedom in North Eastern Germany) holds a Cassegrain reflector of
25 cm aperture and 4m focal length, which was constructed by the famous
astronomical optician Bernhard Schmidt, and was built by the Carl Peter
Goerz Company (Berlin) in 1925. This instrument was obtained by the
physicist Manfred von Ardenne in 1930 and used in his private observatory
on the roof of his house in Berlin-Lichterfelde Ost, Jungfernstieg 19.
After various adventures during the Second World War, the telescope
accompanied the scientist during his involuntary stay in Sukhumi (USSR)
where, from 1945 until 1952, he worked indirectly on the Soviet Atom Bomb
Project. Later Prof. Ardenne provided the telescope to the public
observatory in Heringsdorf, where he often spent his vacation. The
telescope is available during the summer months for public viewing of the
night sky. Allegedly, it is also the last instrument in use today that was
made by Bernhard Schmidt. One can find the observatory near to the
promenade, about 400 meters east of the Seebruecke (quay).
Information: Lars Stephan, Klenzestr. 3, D-17424 Heringsdorf, Germany,
Tel.: (038378) 31634 
Literature: Ardenne, Manfred von: Sechzig Jahre fuer Forschung und
Fortschritt. Autobiographie. Berlin: Verlag der Nation, 1987, p. 115.
[Further historical facts and information on this instrument, especially on
the role B.Schmidt played in the construction (polishing the mirror?) were
not available. Any additional information would be appeciated.]

The oldest house of Seebad Bansin on the Island of Usedom (Seestr. 63)
belonged at one time to Friedrich Simon Archenhold (1861-1939), the founder
of the public observatory in Berlin-Treptow (today Archenhold Observatory).
In 1920, he acquired it from the Berlin corn surgeon Emil Wichmann, who
many decades beforehand had bought it off of the fisherman Frank. The
house is located not close to the street, but may be reached following the
way which leads uphill between 61a and 62, and going round number 62a.
Archenhold had a deep spiritual relationship with the indigenous
population, and, because of his crazy adventures, tended also to become
part of their hearts as well. In good keeping with that tradition, he
appeared at a dance at the Kurhaushotel "Atlantic", during the evening
festivities - dressed only in his pajamas.
Literature: Richter, Egon: Bansin. Die Geschichte eines Weltbades. Rostock:
Konrad Reich Verlag 1990, pp. 11-12 and 63-65.

In Peenemuende on the Isle of Usedom in 1991, at the site of the power
plant of the former army test center for advanced rocketry
(Heeresversuchsanstalt), a historical and technical information center was
opened. The center is dedicated to the history of space travel, the
history of Peenemuende, and to the history of technology in general. At
Peenemuende the now world famous A-4 rocket, better known as the V-2, first
reached on the 3rd of October, 1942, an altitude of 84.5 km. This event is
the reason for Peenemuende to call itself the "birthplace of space travel".
Since the museum's original goal is in dispute, it is being funded
privately, and not by the state or local government. On display are
exhibit pieces depicting the history of the V-1 and the V-2, wrapped around
the tours are accompanying videos showing film footage on those rockets.
Unfortunately, astronomical aspects are displayed in form of astrological
Opening hours: Tues-Sat 9am-5pm 
Address: Bahnhofstr. 28, D-17449 Peenemuende, Germany,
Tel. (038371) 20573, Fax 20574
Literature: [1] Fischer, Daniel: Schwarz und weiss waren nur die Raketen.
50 Jahre danach: Das Erbe von Peenemuende. In: Sterne und Weltraum 32
(1993) 3, 178-184; [2] Peenemuende. Wegweiser durch das
Historisch-technische Informationszentrum und Umgebung. 2nd, enlarged ed.
Peenemuende: Verlag Axel Dietrich, 1993. 26 pp.
Translator's note:  It should be noted ironically that the beginning of
this historical center dedicated to the history of Peenemuende is, at its
inception, very similar to the beginning state of the original rocket
testing center in Berlin, which was set up by the then rocket enthusiast
and physicist Wernher von Braun and his followers, who started their
original work at the Raketenflugplatz in the early 1930s, before being able
to attract enough money from the army to set up an official installation at
Kummersdorf. One can only hope that this new historical and technical
information center on the Isle of Usedom, will be as successful and have as
great an impact on science and the advance of space travel, as the work of
those dedicated rocket pioneers did so many years before.

When visiting the Isle of Usedom one can observe in the St. Petri Church
in Benz the 135 symbols of the heavenly stars in gold, white and blue on
the ceiling, which stem from a Swinemuende master from the first half of
the 19th Century (Open daily - May to September). Worth seeing are also
the signs of the zodiac depicted around a compass rose in the former
appartment of Otto Niemeyer-Holstein (1896-1984), symbolising most notably
his navigational knowledge: The painter had planned a flight from the
Nazis in his sail boat across the Baltic Sea. (Today his estate is a
public museum: Museums-Atelier Otto Niemeyer-Holstein, "Luettenort" near
Koserow at road B 111, Tours: Tues-Sat 10, 11, 2pm and 3pm, register in
advance please: Tel. 038375 - 20213).

Item 3                                           ENHA No. 14, June 11, 1996

Conferences 1996/97

Further conferences in the year 1996 have already been described in past
issues of the ENHA. For a complete list of all conferences announced up to
now, please see the following WWW address:

Salamanca, Spain
In Salamanca the semi-annual meeting on "Astronomy in Cultur" takes place, 
the fifth in April this year. Information and abstracts of the papers
being presented can be obtained by writing to:
Prof. Dr. Carlos Jaschek, Teso de la Feria 39, E-37008 Salamanca, Spain

Strasbourg, France
In Strasbourg semi-annual colloqiums on "Astronomy & Sciences Humaines"
take place. The papers presented are published in the series "Publication
de l'Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg, Serie Astronomie & Sciences
Information: Dr. G. Jasniewicz, Observatoire, 11, rue de l'Universite,
F-67000 Strasbourg, France

11 - 24 February 1996, Telchaquillo, Mexico
Astronomy camp by and for amateur astronomers in a Mayan village. 
Seminar on the cultur of the Mayans, geology und astronomy. 
Info: Martina Gerhards, Koelnstr. 464, D-53117 Bonn, Germany
Price: 4939 DM. 

12 February 1996, Dortmund, Germany
6th Dortmund Symposium on the History of Surveying
(Including lectures by D.Hoffmann "From German Customs Union to the
Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt" and W.Torge ("From Gauss to
Baeyer and Helmert - early ideas and initiatives on a European geodesy.")
Place: Rotunda in the Museum fuer Kunst- und Kulturgeschichte (Museum for
Art and Cultural History), Hansastr. 3
Time: 10am - 3pm 
Conference fee for non-members: 30.00 DM
Information: Foerderkreis Vermessungstechnisches Museum, Postfach 101233, 
D-44012 Dortmund, Germany, Tel. (0231) 5025686, Fax 5025428

18 -23 March 1996, Freiberg / Saxony, Germany
History of Geophysics and related disciplines
Enrollment: Dr. Wilfried Schroeder, Hechelstr. 8, D-28777 Bremen, Germany

10 - 12 April 1996, London, UK
"Archives of the Scientific Revolution". Includes discussion of papers of
Galileo, Boyle, Huygens, Leibniz and Newton.
Place: Royal Society
Contact: Prof. Michael Hunter, Dept of History, Birkbeck College,
University of London, Malet St, London WC1E 7HX, England

3 - 4 May 1996, Dresden, Germany
Working meeting by the Fachgruppe Geschichte des Vermessungswesens im
Verband Deutscher Vermessungsingenieure (Special Group on the History of
Surveying within the Union of German Surveying Engineers): "The precision
of historical instruments, old maps and first planned measurements."
Conference fee for non members: 120.00 DM
Sign up: Dipl.-Ing. Heinz Juergen Lagoda, Westfaelische Str. 30, 
D-47169 Duisburg, Germany, Tel. (0203) 598247

20 - 24 May 1996, Baltimore, Maryland
1996 Spring Meeting of the American Geophysical Union
U01 Geophysical Research and the Smithsonian Institution: 1846-1996 (AGU
History Committee). This is a special session on geophysics and the
Smithsonian Institution on the occasion of the Smithsonian's 150th
anniversary. Historical papers and reviews of current Smithsonian-related
geophysical research are solicited. Examples of this research include
19th-century weather and climate networks, solar research under Secretaries
Langley and Abbot, international distribution of meteorite collections, and
historical or contemporary work at the Smithsonian Astrophysical
Observatory. Convener: James R. Fleming, Science and Technology Studies,
Colby College, Waterville, ME 04901, tel: 207-872-3548, fax:
207-872-3074, e-mail:
A01 Historical Perspectives on Climate Change (co-sponsored by the AGU
History Committee). Historical papers on scientific and popular
understanding of climatic change and the greenhouse effect are solicited to
mark the centennial of Svante Arrhenius's work, "On the Influence of
Carbonic Acid in the Air upon the Temperature of the Ground" (1896).
Papers on all historical aspects of climate change and on all eras are
encouraged. Conveners: James R. Fleming, Science and Technology Studies,
Colby College, Waterville, ME 04901, tel: 207-872-3548, fax:
207-872-3074, e-mail:; and William W. Kellogg, 445
College Avenue, Boulder, CO 80302, tel: 303-443-5086 

9-13 June 1996, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
188th Meeting of the American Astronomical Society
Including a session on "Radio Astronomy, Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow"

10 - 13 July 1996, Liverpool, UK
"Science Matters: The Role and Achievements of Science in Greek Antiqity"
Place: University of Liverpool
Contact: Dr J.C. Tuplin, Dept of Classics and Ancient History, University
of Liverpool, 12 Abercromby Square, Liverpool, England

2 - 5 September 1996, Salamanca, Spain
Meeting of the European Society for Astronomy in Culture (SEAC)
For further information, please contact the Local Organizing Committee:
c/o Prof. Dr. Carlos Jaschek, Teso de la Feria 39, E-37008 Salamanca,

9 - 11 September 1996, Ottawa and Montreal, Canada
XV Symposium of the Scientific Instrument Commission of the International
Union of the History and Philosophy of Science
Place: National Museum of Science and Technology, Ottawa. It is
anticipated that some sessions will also be held in Montreal.
For details contact:
Dr Randall Brooks, Curator, National Museum of Science and Technology, 
PO Box 9724, Term. T, Ottawa, ON, K1G 5AR, Canada, Tel: 613 990 2804, 
fax: 613 990 3636

27 - 29 September 1996, Berlin, Germany
Deutscher Wissenschaftshistorikertag 1996 (German Day of Historians of
Science) under the theme: "Turns of eras - The changing orientation in
science and society: The Sciences around 1600 and 1900"
(The planned discussion on astronomy around 1600 and 1900 has been
cancelled because of lack of interest.)
Information: Peter Burger, Institut fuer Geschichtswissenschaften,
Humboldt-Universitaet, Unter den Linden 6-8, D-10099 Berlin, Germany,
Tel. (030) 2093-3870, Fax 2093-2431

3 - 5 October, Bern, Switzerland
8th Colloqium on the History of Cartography
Information: Dr. W. Scharfe, Arno-Holz-Str. 12, D-12165 Berlin, Germany

10 - 13 October, Bielefeld, Germany
1996 annual meeting of the Society for Social Studies of Science
Session VI. Historical Dimensions of Social Studies of Science
Please ask for the registration form from: 
Guenter Kueppers, Local Organizing Chair,
Institute for Science and Technology Studies, University of Bielefeld, 
PF 100 131, D-33501 Bielefeld, Fax: +49 521 106 5844,
Phone: +49 521 106 4674, e-mail: 

4 December 1996, London, UK
4th Annual Invitation Lecture of the Scientific Instrument Society:
"Mechanical Celestial Globes of the 16th and Early 17th Centuries" by
J.H. Leopold
Place: Royal Institution, 20 Albemarle Street, London, W1

25 - 30 July 1997, Liege, Belgium
XXth International Congress of the History of Science
First circular, indicating interest in further mailings from:
Centre d'Histoire des Sciences et des Techniques, Universite de Liege,
Avenue des Tilleuls 15, B-4000 Liege, Belgium

Item 4                                           ENHA No. 14, June 11, 1996

New books

China - Wiege des Wissens: 7000 Jahre Erfindungen und Entdeckungen. La
Chine - Berceau de la science: 7000 annees d'inventions et de decouvertes.
China - Cradle of Knowledge: 7000 years of inventions and discoveries.
Berlin: Verlag Ute Schiller, 1994. 288 pp., ISBN 3-929772-94-9, DM 28.00
[Accompanying book to similarly named exhibit; in three languages, with
many colorful depictions as well. It also contains a chapter on astronomy
and calendar art as well as one on navigation and shipping.]

Christianson, Gale E.: Edwin Hubble: Mariner of the Nebulae.
Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1995. Pp. 420, ISBN 0-374-14660-8, US$ 27.50

Gerdes, Dieter (Ed.): Johann Hieronymus Schroeter. Beobachtungen ueber
die Sonnenfackeln und Sonnenflecken [Observations on solar faculae and
sunspots]. Lilienthal: Verlag M. Simmering, 1995. 192 pp., 
ISBN 3-927723-23-1, DM 42.00
[Reprints of works by Schroeter, as well as papers by Fischer, Bode,
Hahn, Harding, A.Wilson, W.Herschel and Zach, with a contribution by

Gerdes, Dieter (Ed.): Johann Hieronnymus Schroeter. Beobachtungen ueber
die betraechtlichen Gebirge und Rotation der Venus [Observations on the
considerable mountain chains and rotation of Venus]. Lilienthal: Verlag M.
Simmering, 1995. 192 pp., ISBN 3-927723-24-X, DM 42.00
[Reprints of books and essays by Schroeter as well as by Hahn, W.Herschel
and Harding, complemented by contributions of D.Gerdes]

Manly, Peter L.: Unusual telescopes. Cambridge, New York, Port Chester,
Melbourne, Sydney: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Pp. xviii, 221, 
ISBN 0-521-48393-X, US$ 19.95 (pb)
[Paperbound edition of 1991 hardback; on historic and modern telescopes]

Motz, Lloyd; Weaver, Jefferson Hane: The story of astronomy.
Plenum Press, 1995. Pp. 387, ISBN 0-306-45090-9, US$ 28.95
[This overview of astronomy tells how the science evolved from ancient
cultures through the beginning of the modern era.]

Schroeder, Wilfried: Sunspot cycles and auroral activity.
Bremen-Roennebeck, 1995. Pp. 120, DM 25.00, US$ 20.00
[Using observations from the 16th up until the 20th century.]

Schroeder, Wilfried; Colacino, Michele (Eds.): Global change and history of
geophysics. Evaluation and implications. Proceedings of the international
conference during the IUGG/IAGA General Assembly, July 1995, Boulder
(USA). Bremen-Roennebeck, 1995. Pp. 240, DM 30.00, US$ 25.00
[also on archaeoastronomy]

Schroeder, Wilfried; Treder, Hans-Juergen (Eds.): Hans Ertel, Collected
Works, Vol. II: Theoretical meteorology, weather predictions, cosmology
and general applications. Bremen-Roennebeck, 1995. Pp. 156, DM 30.00,
US$ 30.00 (incl. postage)
[Distribution of all books by W.Schroeder: Science Edition (W.Schroeder),
Hechelstr. 8, D-28777 Bremen-Roennebeck, Germany]

van der Kruit, P.C.; Gilmore, Gerard (Eds.): Stellar populations.
Proceedings of the 164th Symposium of the International Astronomical
Union, held in The Hague, The Netherlands, August 15-19, 1994. Dordrecht,
Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995. Pp. xix, 472
[with contributions on the history of the concept of stellar
populations by Owen Gingerich, Donald D. Osterbrock, Nancy Grace Roman
and A. Blaauw]

Item 5                                            ENHA No. 14, June 11, 1996

Addendum by the translator: Space Calendar

The Space Calendar covers space-related activities and anniversaries
for the upcoming year. It is also available on the World Wide Web at:

The WWW version of the Space Calendar includes over 300 links to other
home pages that have additional information on that subject.

This calendar is compiled and maintained by Ron Baalke. Please send any
updates or corrections to Note that 
anniversary dates are listed in 5 year increments only.

Non-historical items have been deleted from the original calendar.
Anniversaries from January to December 1996 have already been given in
ENHA 13. Here only additions will be presented.

June 1996
  Jun 30 - 25th Anniversary (1971), Death of 3 Cosmonauts in Soyuz 11

July 1996
  Jul 18 - 30th Anniversary (1966), Gemini 10 Launch
  Jul 20 - 20th Anniversary (1976), Viking 1 Mars Landing
  Jul 21 - 35th Anniversary (1961), Mercury 4 Launch
  Jul 26 - 25th Anniversary (1971), Apollo 15 Launch

January 1997

  Jan 11 - 210th Anniversary (1787), William Herschel's Discovery of 
           Uranus Moons Titania and Oberon 
  Jan 27 - 30th Anniversary (1967), Apollo 1 Fire 

February 1997

  Feb 05 - 30th Anniversary (1967), Lunar Orbiter 3 Launch 
  Feb 14 - 25th Anniversary (1972), Luna 20 Launch (Soviet Moon Sample 
  Feb 20 - 35th Anniversary (1962), Friendship 7 Launch (John Glenn)
  Feb 23 - 10th Anniversary (1987) of Supernova 1987A Explosion 

March 1997

  Mar 01 - 15th Anniversary (1982), Venera 13 Venus Flyby/Landing (USSR) 
  Mar 03 - 25th Anniversary (1972), Pioneer 10 Launch (Jupiter/Saturn  
  Mar 07 - John Herschel's 205th Birthday (1792) 
  Mar 08 - 20th Anniversary (1977), Discovery of Uranus' Rings
  Mar 27 - 25th Anniversary (1972), Venera 8 Launch (Venus Lander) 

April 1997

  Apr 15 - 25th Anniversary (1972), Apollo 16 Launch (Manned Moon Landing) 
  Apr 17 - 30th Anniversary (1967), Surveyor 3 Launch (Moon Lander) 

May 1997

  May 04 - 30th Anniversary (1967), Lunar Orbiter 4 Launch
  May 24 - 35th Anniversary (1962), Aurora 7 Launch (Scott Carpenter) 


Expressions of thanks

In addition to the author of contribution, we also wish to thank: 

Wolfgang Arlt (Berlin), Peter Brosche (Daun), Dieter Gerdes (Lilienthal),
Klaus-Dieter Herbst (Jena), Carlos Jaschek (Salamanca), Siegfried Koge
(Dresden), Wilfried Schroeder (Bremen), Lars Stephan (Heringsdorf),
Manfred Strumpf (Gotha).



Electronic Newsletter for the History of Astronomy (ENHA)

Published by the Working Group for the History of Astronomy in the
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